Kammer 1

THE NATIONAL SOCIALIST MURDERS OF PATIENTS IN MUNICH

READING AND DISCUSSION // READERS: SHIRIN LILLY EISSA AND SAMOUIL STOYANOV

Lecture

Some 300,000 mentally ill and people with disabilities were murdered between 1939 and 1945 by doctors and nurses in Germany and Eastern Europe. Initiated by Adolf Hitler’s “Euthanasia” decree of 1 September 1939 and centrally directed from Berlin, adults and children classified as “unworthy of life” were killed using gas, overdoses of drugs, starvation or deliberate neglect. The first transfer of patients to an institution for their murder took place 80 years ago on 18 January 1940: they were patients of the Eglfing-Haar sanatorium and nursing home. More than 2,000 Munich residents were murdered in institutions by medical staff. From their letters we reconstruct a picture of what happened at that time.

After a brief period of investigation by the Allies in preparation for the Nuremberg medical trials, these crimes were forgotten, repressed and denied. Only decades later did the systematic investigation of violent crimes tentatively begin. Gradually the victims were reintegrated into the family and collective memory. Afterwards, a discussion with the psychiatrist Prof. Dr. Michael von Cranach and the historian Dr. Sibylle von Tiedemann will take place. It is possible for relatives to receive support in their research.


Investigation Michael von Cranach, Sibylle von Tiedemann Dramaturgy Martin Valdés-Stauber

In cooperation with NS-Dokumentationszentrum München, Münchner Volkshochschule, Gedenkinitiative für die „Euthanasie“-Opfer, Gegen Vergessen – Für Demokratie e. V. und dem kbo-Isar-Amper-Klinikum

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