Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoyevsky was born on November 11, 1821 in Moscow, the son of a doctor who attended to indigents. From 1838 until 1843 he attended the engineering school of the St. Petersburg military academy and subsequently worked as engineer for fortress construction. But from 1844 he exclusively dedicated himself to writing. Due to his participation in a revolutionary circle he was arrested in 1849 and sentenced to death. The sentence was revoked just before it was to be carried out. Instead he was required to perform forced labor in Siberia and then join the military service there. He did not return to St. Petersburg until 1859. From 1862 to 1863 and then again from 1867 to 1871 he took extensive trips to France, England, Italy and also Germany. Dostoyevsky died in St. Petersburg on February 9, 1881. He is considered to be one of the most important Russian authors. His main works include: “Crime and Punishment”, “The Demons”, “The Brothers Karamazov”, where Dostoyevsky deals with the impact of social upheaval caused by modern times on the circumstances of human life.
The prose text “The Player” is relatively short compared to his other novels. In this work Dostoyevsky focuses on his own long years of addiction to gambling and the resulting financial debts which in turn forced him to write this very novel.
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DER SPIELER (The Player)